Agreement Between Communist Countries

Economic activity was determined by quinquennal plans divided into monthly segments, with government planners often trying to achieve the plan`s objectives, regardless of whether or not there was a market for the products produced. [177] There was little coordination between services, so cars could be produced before the construction of gas stations or roads, or a new hospital in Warsaw in the 1980s could remain empty for four years to wait for the production of equipment to fill it. [177] However, if such policy objectives had been achieved, propagandists could boast increased vehicle production and the completion of another new hospital. [177] While official statistics paint a relatively optimistic picture, the East German economy has eroded due to increasing central planning, economic self-sufficiency, the use of coal by oil, the concentration of investment in certain technology-intensive sectors and labour market regulation. [228] As a result, there was a significant productivity gap between East and West Germany of almost 50% per worker. [228] [229] However, this gap does not measure the quality of the design of goods or services, so the actual per capita rate can be between 14 and 20%. [229] Average gross monthly wages in East Germany were about 30% of those in West Germany, although the after-tax figures were 60%. [230] At the same time, at the end of the war, the Soviet Union adopted a « policy of plundering » the physical transport and relocation of industrial products from Eastern Europe to the Soviet Union. [169] Eastern Bloc countries were required to provide coal, industrial equipment, technology, vehicles and other resources for the reconstruction of the Soviet Union. [170] Between 1945 and 1953, under this policy, the Soviets received a net transfer of resources from the rest of the Eastern bloc of about $14 billion, an amount comparable to the net transfer of the United States to Western Europe in the Marshall Plan. [170] [171] « Repairs » included the dismantling of the railways in Poland and Romanian repairs to the Soviets between 1944 and 1948 for $1.8 billion, at the same time as the reign of the SovRoms.

[168] The organization of the Warsaw Treaty was twofold: the Political Advisory Committee dealt with political issues and the Covenant`s Combined Armed Forces Command controlled the assigned multinational forces, based in Warsaw, Poland. The Commander-in-Chief of the United Armed Forces of the Warsaw Treaty Organization, who commanded and controlled all the armed forces of the member countries, was also a first deputy deputy defence minister of the USSR, and the head of the United Armed Forces of the Warsaw Treaty Organization was also a first deputy chief of staff of the Soviet forces.

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