The transitional period from 1 February expires at the end of December 2020. Any agreement on future relations between the EU and the UK must be concluded in full before that date, when it is due to come into force on 1 January 2021. Parliament will have to approve any future relations agreement. If such an agreement deals with powers that the EU shares with member states, national parliaments must also ratify it. Parliament`s coordination group in the United Kingdom, led by Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman David McAllister (EPP, DE), will work with the EU Task Force on Relations with the UK and will work with the Foreign Affairs Committee and the Committee on International Trade and all other relevant committees. The Pe will closely monitor the work of EU negotiator Michel Barnier and will continue to influence the negotiations through resolutions. The final agreement must be approved by the whole of Parliament. And that is what our agreement will do. These movements are not subject to additional requirements for businesses in Northern Ireland, with the very limited and specific exception of trade in threatened species and conflict diamonds.
The declaration on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration, negotiated and signed at the same time as the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement on the uk`s withdrawal from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the « backstop ») which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a « hard » border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  This agreement will be formally approved in the coming days at a meeting of the Joint Committee. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  And of course, this agreement that we have obtained also allows the government to withdraw clauses 44, 45 and 47 from the British Internal Market Act and avoids the need for additional provisions in the tax law.